Piriton is the trade name of the allergy medication called Chlorphenamine. It used to be called Chlorpheniramine.
It belongs to a group of chemical compounds called alkylamine. This brand of chlorphenamine is manufactured and supplied by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) Consumer Healthcare Limited.
It is a potent anti-histamine medication.
Anti histamines are medications that help in blocking the actions of a chemical (histamine) produced by special cells in the body called mast cells.
When mast cells release histamines and other group of chemicals, these lead to the development of rashes, swellings, wheezing and other symptoms seen in allergic reactions. When antihistamines are taken, they help stop or minimize such reactions.
Piriton is such a good allergy medication that it is often the first drug of choice prescribed for the relief of symptoms of many allergic diseases.
It is commonly used in following conditions:
In combination with adrenaline, it is also used in treating a condition referred to as angioedema.
Piriton is a sedating anti histamine.
Piriton dosage depends obviously on age and weight of patient, especially in children.
In severe allergy and anaphylaxis, chlorphenamine (chlorpheniramine) is given as an intravenous injection. The recommended dose is 10 mg IV or IM, and this can be repeated up to 40mg in 24 hours (injection only).
The side effects of piriton are mainly those of sedation - drowsiness. The degree to which this happens depends on the dose taken and your tolerance level. Some people could take one tablet (4mg) and feeling okay with it, while some others might become very sleepy with that dose. Other less common side effects include:
The British National formulary also reports that another side effect of this medication or chlorphenamine maleate could include exfoliative dermatitis (a skin condition characterised by redness and peeling of the skin) and tinnitus (buzzing or ringing sensation in the ears).
Do not be put off by this list of piriton side effects. Most times, apart from feeling drowsy or lightheaded you may not notice any of the other side effects, and they do not occur in every body or every time you take this medication.
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